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Here you can find something about Czechoslovak airmen in WWII.

Czechoslovak pilots were one of the most brave people in the whole war. First they saw action in Poland in 1939, after leaving their loved country, families and homes in Czechoslovakia. They couldn't fight because our country was 'changed with Germany for peace' by England and France in 1938, known as 'The Munchen Agreement'. Just for the matter of interest, Czechoslovak army was in that time the most modern army in Europe!
After the lost Battle of Poland they escaped to France, entering French Armé De l'Air common with Polish pilots. They were bravely fighting in the skies, trying to stop the horrible enemy. They came known as really brave and god-skilled pilots. About 130 Czechoslovak pilots who fought in the Battle of France, during two months of the battle, they achieved 158 confirmed air victories. 29 of them perished. But in spite of that they had to escape again. How many times more they will have to...?

After comming to Britain, they entered the Royal Air Force. Three units were formed: No. 310 (Czechoslovak) Squadron and No. 312 (Czechoslovak) Squadron which were equipped with fighters - Hurricanes. And No. 311 (Czechoslovak) Squadron, a famous bombardament squadron, equipped with old Wellingtons.
In the Battle of Britain, Czechoslovaks showed real courage and bravery, shoting down over 80 German aircraft. Overall the battle joined over 100 Czechoslovak pilots, loosing 29 pilots. Their names are mentioned in the 'List of Perished in Battle of Britain' in Westminster Chapel.
A real legend became a Czech pilot, Sgt Josef Frantisek, the best pilot of the Battle of Britain, who downed 17 enemy planes in just 3 weeks, but even of that he died.
Not only the fighter pilots saw action, also the No. 311's bombers were playing an important role in the Battle of Britain. They were bombing the German targets during very dangerous long night operatins. The 311 lost crews in that time. This kind of servicing was as more dangerous as the captured Czechoslovak pilots could be (as 'citizens' of Third Reich!) executed!!! Their families were at home under the nazi-roule, mostly sent to concentration camps.
In 1941 fourth and fifth Czechoslovak units were formed. The fighter No. 313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron and No. 68 Squadron, a night-operating unit, which's B-Flight was whole Czechoslovak. Their motto was 'Vzdy pripraven', which means in English 'Always ready'. Czechoslovak airmen in RAF became (common with Poles) the high-ranked 'hosted nation'. A little example can be that in 1943, after three years of the 'over-Reich', in many cases fatal (the unit had over 53%! losses), duty, as an act of thank, the No. 311 was relocated from Bomber Command to Coastal and was equipped, as one of the very firsts in the whole RAF with modern four-engined heavy Consolidated B-24 Liberator bombers.
Later the three Czechoslovak fighter squadrons (310, 312, 313) were formed to a No. 134 (Czechoslovak) Wing. The wing was a part of Air Defense of Great Britain and later of 2nd Tactical Air Force which was the main air weapon during the Operation Overlord, the invasion of France.
All of the six Czech squadrons were declared 'Special' and 'Honourable'. That means indirectly, they were one of the bests in RAF. But that doesn't mean that Czech pilots didn't serve in other units. Some of them were even their leaders.
Czechoslovak pilots returned to their country in 1945 after six long years. But not all of them returned...
During 1940 - 1945 served in the Royal Air Force over Czechoslovak 2500 men. 482 of them died, fighting for freedom, their home-country, democracy and whole world. They were real heros! One of the biggest in the whole history! Cest jejich pamatce! - Rest in peace!


Unit:
Formed:
Motto:
310 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
12/7/1940
'We fight to rebuild'
310 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
310. cs. perut
'We fight ot rebuild'
Unit:
Formed:
Motto:
311 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
29/7/1940
'Na mnozstvi nehledte'
(Do not look at the numbers)
311 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
311 cs. perut
'Na mnozstvi nehledte'
Unit:
Formed:
Motto:
312 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
29/08/1940
'Non multi sed multa'
(Not a lot, but many)
312 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
312. cs perut
'Non multi sed multa'
Unit:
Formed:
Motto:
313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
10/05/1941
'Jeden jestrab mnoho vran rozhani'
(One Hawk scares a lot of Crows)
313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron
313 cs. perut
'Jeden jestrab mnoho vran rozhani'
Unit:
Formed:
Motto:
68 Squadron
07/01/1941
'Vzdy pripraven'
(Allways ready)
68 Squadron
68. perut
'Vzdy pripraven'

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